(Reading time: 2 - 3 minutes)

Flying low over the jungle on tree top level the exploits of the Cessna O-1E Bird Dog in South East Asia are legendary. However, this venerable warbird is maybe one of the lesser known and unglamorous aircraft types flown during the Vietnam War, being manned by USAF and South Vietnamese pilots. Nevertheless some of the Bird Dog’s relive a renaissance today, as they are a cheap and affordable warbird, and a joy to fly!

Cessna O 1 Bird Dog
Where? Hahnweide, Germany
When? September 2016

0Hahnweide16 O 1 2928 Zeitler 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 2928 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3376 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3436 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3494 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3512 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3589 Zeitler 100 67 85

Cessna O-1 Bird Dog

Cessna delivered its Model 305 to the US Army in December of 1950. It was a successor to the WWII Piper L-4 Grasshopper family of aircraft and designated as L-19 for a liaison aircraft and named the "Birddog". Many of the L-19's were immediately deployed to the war in Korea.Years later, Birddogs were still of valuable use and sent to Vietnam in 1962 and used in various combat roles by the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps. By then the designation had been changed to O-1 (Observation). The enemy feared the presence of the Birddog because it forewarned of bad things to come.

0Hahnweide16 O 1 3494 Zeitler 2 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 3494 Zeitler 2 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3233 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3255 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3286 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3323 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3333 Zeitler 100 67 85

Forward Air Control (FAC) over the Vietnamese Jungle

The Birddog overtook the role of a Forward Air Control (FAC) and its mission was to pin-point enemy troop locations through communication with 'friendlies' on the ground. Once proper recce was done and the positions spotted, these ground targets were marked with rockets that hung underneath its wings. Air strikes subsequently took care of the following actions.

0Hahnweide16 O 1 3545 Zeitler 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 3545 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 2951 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3075 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3151 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3188 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3201 Zeitler 100 67 85
0Hahnweide16 O 1 3243 Zeitler 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 3243 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3572 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3626 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4306 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4325 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4328 Zeitler 100 67 85

Flying and operating the Bird Dog as a Warbird

One of the Birddogs flying nowadays in Europa is based at Madrid, Spain, and is linked to the Fundación Infante de Orleans (FIO – www.fio.es). This O-1E / L19 is a former Italian Army / Esercito aircraft (S/N 305M-0040, military registration MM61-2992, code E.I. 6) and was bought by its recent owner José Luis Olias Sanchez and brought to Spain.

0Hahnweide16 O 1 3488 Zeitler 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 3488 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 3640 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4341 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4367 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 503664 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 Photoflying 8229 Zeitler 100 67 85

He restored it during four years and brought it back to an immaculate condition, nowadays representing a light gray, shark-mouth paint scheme used by the USAF 19th Tactical Air Support Squadron (TASS) that was based at the Bien Hoa Air Base near Saigon, Vietnam.

0Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4322 Zeitler 700 470 90
0Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4322 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4332 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4356 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4357 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4359 Zeitler 100 67 85
Hahnweide16 O 1 Details 4363 Zeitler 100 67 85

The photos were taken during the Oldtimer Meeting Hahnweide (http://www.oldtimer-hahnweide.de/), Germany’s largest oldtimer fly-in. José Luis brought the aircraft to Germany on a 14-hour trip including three stops. They used their travelling time well and visited also the annual European Meeting of the International Bird Dog Association that was held in combination with the Classic Cessna meeting at Wershofen, Germany. This event even featured a formation of six European Bird Dogs!

Thanks to 2x José Luis, Michal and Mathias who were involved in the photoflight! Flying around the autumn-coloured trees around the Teck castle gave an impression of what it must have been to see this aircraft in its former role.

More nice reads on the O-1E Bird Dog are found on the following pages. The above article uses some extract thereof:

http://www.aviationmuseum.com.au/aircraft_colection/cessnao1g/

https://www.aopa.org/news-and-media/all-news/2011/june/01/cessna-l-19-bird-dog-a-soldiers-best-friend

http://www.ibdaweb.com/

http://www.militaryfactory.com/aircraft/detail.asp?aircraft_id=751

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